Mughal architecture in Lahore – where skill of formulating buildings changed from mere staging of bricks to a piece of splendid art. The Mughal dynasty in sub-continent did not only bring an illustrious era of Muslim’s rule in sub-continent, in fact it also brought in new art forms, which were to be remembered even after termination of Mughal era. Mughal emperors are branded for their love for art and the new dimension and inclination which they brought in different art forms. This brilliance of art is also reflected in different architecture and buildings which belong to Mughal era.
The Mughal architecture is signified as the architectural form unfolded by Mughals at the height of their ruling era, pertaining from 16th century to early 18th century. This form of architecture is a blend of Islamic, Persian and Indian architecture. It was started by the founder of Mughal dynasty, Babar, and every successor of this empire added to the magnificence of Mughal architecture until the dawn of Aurangzeb’s ruling era, which is not only marked as the last souvenir of splendid Mughal era but also beginning of fall of Mughal form of architecture.
Being a part of Indian sub-continent, land of Mughal empire, Pakistan also assembles numerous Mughal architecture and buildings. Squared stone and eminent marble formulating a massive architecture containing bulging domes, pointed lean minarets at the corner of building, halls, exquisitely carved gigantic gateways and delicately patterned walls; that is what Mughal form of architecture is and that is what worth viewing artistic tincture is. These signature Mughal architectures are spread in different cities of Pakistan, a comprehended tourist site of that particular city.
Let’s take a ride in Mughal era and drench our senses with the splendor of Mughal architecture in Lahore:
One of the splendid example of Mughal architecture in Lahore is the Lahore Fort. Stepping in front of Lahore fort, in Lahore, what we see is a massive walled art of red bricked building, spreading over 20 hectares, which seems to contain a city in itself. Lahore Fort was constructed by Akbar from 1556 to 1605. It is not only itself an architectural wonder of Mughal form of architecture, but also encompasses numerous artistic architectural pieces including Sheesh Mahal, Moti Masjid and Alamgiri Gate etc.
Wazir Khan Mosque
Wazir Khan Mosque is an epic example of the beauty of Mughal art and architecture. With its striking colours and delicate artwork, the mosque presents a different angle of beauty at every blink of the eye. It is famous for its extensive faience tile work and has been described as ‘a mole on the cheek of Lahore’. Built during the reign of Mughal Emperor Shah Jehan, it took seven years for the construction to complete. It was built by a native of Chiniot, Hakim Shaikh Ilm-ud-din Ansari, who came to be the court physician to Shah Jahan and the governor of Lahore.
Standing with dignity, erected minarets and proudly bulging dome, in front of Lahore Fort, is the Badshahi Mosque; another example of glorifying Mughal architecture. The Badshahi Mosque, constructed in regime of Aurangzeb Alamgir from 1671 to 1673, has endured many ups and downs, but the intruding deterioration could not harm the exotic structure of the mosque. This mosque, besides being a place of worship of Muslims, also holds a museum where numerous Islamic relics and artifacts are displayed.
If we take our ride to the north-east of the Lahore city, less than 5 miles from Lahore Fort, what we see is another stroke of genius architectural art – Shalimar Gardens. Constructed in the regime of Shah Jahan in 1642, the garden depicts the majestic Mughal era; embracing an area of 40 acres, the walled garden contains paved paths, fountains, gardens laid in three levels of terraces, marbled sitting area amidst the meshed fountain area. The basic structure of the walls around the garden and buildings within the garden are patterned as per the Mughal architectural style.
Another splendid example of Mughal architecture in Lahore is Jahangir’s tomb. If we land in Shahdara area in Lahore, what we see is another magnificent piece of Mughal architecture, Jahangir’s tomb. The mausoleum of Emperor Jahangir, constructed by son of Jahangir Shah Jahan (and in some historical references Jahangir’s wife: Nur Jahan), does not only contain tomb of Jahangir, in fact it is another massive walled area containing gardens and paved paths leading towards main tomb. The tomb has delicate artwork of flowers and Quranic verses inscribed on its walls and floor is also delicately patterned.
All these Mughal architecture and buildings in Pakistan are renovated every now and then to keep their actual ambiance and structure intact so that, Pakistan can keep the glory of beholding such pieces of architectural excellence and historical marks.
To visit some of these beautiful monuments that are a splendid example of Mughal architecture in Lahore, book a tour online with Tripkar!